This house would allow the development of Genetically Modified Organisms.
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GMO(Genetically Modified Organism) is a food that is modified to have genes or traits that are impossible to have through earlier breeding method, for increase of production and convenience.
GMO is referred to as the second green revolution and uprising as the plan to solve the future food problem, but the experiments and specific damage influence cases on human body are still ongoing.
Regulations, legislations that regulate usage of the food, and debates are on going on different nations.
Usage of Genetically Modified Organism, is it a right choice for the moder people?
a. the definition of Genetically Modified Organism
Food made by modifying · transforming original gene in order to increase productivity and food quality, or agricultural product produced by gene recombination.
In 1995, Monsanto Corporation of US succeeded for the first time in modifying bean genes to increase immunity against colure to increase productivity and merchandising it.
Currently GMOs distributed worldwide are total of 50, including beans, corns, and potatoes.
GMOs are vulnerable to diseases and parasites, and high in productivity, so it may solve lack of food.
But on a long time intakes, it causes environmental problems via disturbing ecosystems and destabilizing it.
Thus debates on the malfeasance of GMOs are ongoing, and each nation is on its toes in response.
b. Present condition of international, domestic GMO
Present condition of international GMO
There were total 68 kinds and 15spieces of GMOs cultivated worldwide, including canola, corns, and potatoes, at 2002.
Initially they were grown and developed in advanced countries such as the US and Canada but now countries such as Argentina and Brazil are also growing them.
For ten years until 2007, surface of cultivation was increased by 50 times.
Increase rate of cultivation surface area is also above 10% each year.
Cultivation surface area of GMs on 2004 was 810 million ha, which was increased by 15% from 2003, and about 47 times increased from the date of its origin, 1996.
According to the 2007 GMO present condition report, published by the ‘International Service for application of Agricultural BioTechnology’ on 2008, 23 countries were growing GMO, and the total cultivating surface area of GMO was 114.3million ha, which is 15% of total cultivation surface area, 1.5billion ha.
On 2008, due to lack of supply to demand, countries and corporations that banned import of GMOs, and the recognitions to it are slowly changing as well.
But in 2008, a legislation that put limitation to GMOs was made in France, causing a lot of debate.
GMO food was first launched in the market in the early 1990s.
The typical GMOs are beans, grains, canola, and cotton oils. There were animal foods developed as well, but almost none in the market.
Pig was modified to produce Omega 3 lactic acid through roundworm genes in 2006.
Researchers also have been developing genetically modified pig species that absorb plant phosphorus more efficiently.
As result, the content of phosphorus in their offal was reduced to 60%.
c. GMO in Korea.
Korea has set and is developing three basic goals in Agricultural Biotechnology. One of them is recording the first place worldwide in the new rice species development via agricultural biotechnology by 2010.
Under such goal, there are many goods under research and development, but no items were merchandised. Korea has imported over 6million tons of GMO beans from July of 2001 to the end of first half of 2007, but the reality is that no GMO component was detected and labeled on products such as oil, soy sauce and corn syrup.
Other than that, Korea is securing the right of knowledge of customers, and preparing diverse legislations to manage GMOs.
a. GMO is food product approved officially by governments of many countries over the world.
Countries including Korea are in the hands that GMOs that are certified in safety are safe, and the few worrying voices rising from corners are only by the ethic approach of civil organizations that have no representation of governments.
b. Imported GMO food products are strictly being monitored.
Every GMO imported into Korea is limited to those certified under thorough and professional judgment by the special committee (Judge Committee of GMO safety examination).
Also, domestic distribution process after import is managed by the FDA, securing safety over GMO food, and no cases of direct damage or problems caused by GMOs were reported so far.
a. No one can guarantee the safety of GMO.
The problem with GMOs is that after effects of them in human body are unknown due to their protein structures that are different from earlier food. Not only that, GMO may cause problems on other proteins after absorption in human body. It not only causes allergies, but it is accumulated in a long term that could cause deformed children, thus needing sufficient safety regulation, but the fact that the time gap between generations is long, so there are no stable tests also fails to prove the safety of GMOs.
b. There are high cautions in limitations of managing imported food.
The thing is that GMO may be managed at the point of import, but the worried part is that damage could be caused in the process of production (including research) and distribution even if your country is not a GMO production country. Examples are production of non-certified LMO, non-intended inclusion of certified LMO into non-LMO, and natural growth by down grain during importing process.